In parallel with the IDM study in South Sulawesi, Indonesia, which interviewed a total of 5,692 individuals from 2,186 households, a qualitative follow-up study was designed to better understand the possible consequences of asking about violence and voice.
The IDM survey includes questions on experiences of violence and ‘voice’ (control over personal decision-making, which can indicate controlling behaviours). The sampling strategy of the IDM means that in situations of domestic, family or intimate partner violence, both perpetrator and victim will be asked the same questions about violence and personal decision-making. After extensive consultation with experts on surveying on violence against women, the decision was taken not to ask about the location or perpetrator of violence during the IDM survey, as a means of mitigating risks. Nevertheless, concern remained that there may be unexpected consequences. The follow-up study found that no interviewees had experienced violence or control as a result of participating in the IDM survey. It also highlighted the importance of privacy and confidentiality.
The follow-up study also aimed to understand interviewees views on a range of IDM survey questions, including sensitive questions that ask if the respondent is sexually active and about contraception use. It was these questions that many interviewees in the follow-up study considered to be most surprising. There were a range of views among interviewees as to whether questions about contraception/family planning should be asked of all IDM survey respondents, particularly people who are unmarried, young, or old. The follow-up study provides important insights into IDM survey respondents experiences of participating in the survey. It also provides important insights that assist in the analysis of survey findings. It demonstrates the value of mixed-methods approaches.